Alternative Dispute Redressal (ADR)
What is A.D.R. ?

Alternative Dispute Redressal (ADR)
  With the steep growth in the number of laws and the number of cases, the Court system is under great pressure. In order to reduce the heavy demand on Court time, efforts need to be made to resolve the disputes by resorting to Alternative Dispute Resolution Methods before they enter the portals of the court. The Arbitration, Mediation, Conciliation and Lok Adalat are tools of Alternative Dispute Redressal System.

Arbitration
  Arbitration is a process in which a neutral third party or parties render a decision based on the merits of the case. In the Indian context the scope of the rules for the arbitration process are set out broadly by the provisions of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act 1998 and in the areas uncovered by the Statute the parties are free to design an arbitration process appropriate and relevant to their disputes.

Mediation
  The Process of mediation aims to facilitate the development of a consensual solution by the disputing parties. The Mediation process is overseen by a non-partisan third party - the Mediator. The authority of the mediator vests on the consent of the parties that he should facilitate their negotiations.

Conciliation
  This is a process by which resolution of disputes is achieved by compromise or voluntary agreement. In contrast to arbitration, the conciliator does not render a binding award. The parties are free to accept or reject the recommendations of the conciliator.

Lok Adalat
  Lok Adalat is a non-adversarial system, developed in India, whereby mock courts (called Lok- Adalats) are held by the Legal Services Authorities and through the exercise of persuasive and conciliatory process the disputes are settled up on compromise. These are usually presided over by retired judges, social activists and members of the legal profession.

Effect
  The ADR Mechanisms are legally valid and accepted by courts. The effect of an Arbitration Award which is similar to decision by a Court has the same effect of a decree and is final, binding and non-challengeable. Similarly the settlement or agreements reached through the process of Conciliation or Mediation is deemed to be a decree and is binding. Thus willing parties who want to get their disputes settled and do not want to undergo the long procedure may resort to ADR.