Located on the western banks of the famous Hooghly River, Kolkata forms the capital city of the state of West Bengal. Forming the eastern fringes of West Bengal, the city of Kolkata is surrounded by Bangladesh, the neighboring country and is close to the Bay of Bengal. Kolkata represents one of the four metropolitan cities of India.

According to the 2011 census Kolkata district has a population of 4,486,679, roughly equal to the nation of Croatia or the US state of Louisiana. This gives it a ranking of 35th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 24,252 inhabitants per square kilometre (62,810/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was -1.88 %. Kolkata has a sex ratio of 899 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 87.14%.


Justice, social, economic and political - is our constitutional pledge enshrined in the Preamble of our Constitution. The incorporation of Article 39-A in the Directive Principles of State Policy in the year 1976, enjoined upon the State to ensure justice on the basis of equal opportunity by providing free legal aid. It was this constitutional mandate, which was responsible to set the tone of development of Legal Aid Programme including organisation of Lok Adalats in the country through the State Legal Aid Boards.

In India, concern for legal aid to the poor and to the needy is continuously on the rise. Legal assistance and free legal advice is the only way to guarantee equal protection of law to the poor. In a developing country like India where a majority of the population is unable to protect its interests, it is the duty of the State to enable the poor to secure their legal rights.
The courts are used by the richer sections to assert their legal rights while the poor remain deprived of access to the justice system. Added to this is the fact that our judiciary is over-worked. This aspect is increasingly being a point of concern. Alternate Dispute Redressal mechanisms are therefore being emphasized upon. The fact of the matter is that mere existence of laws does not guarantee the enjoyment of those rights by the citizens. Free legal aid system is a step towards enforcement of those rights.

So, with a view to redeem our constitutional pledge for securing equality, life & liberty, social and economic justice the highest law making authority of our country enacted the Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987 constituting the National Legal Services Authority as Central Authority with the Chief Justice of India as its patron in chief. The Act came into force on 9.11.1995.

By virtue of the said enactment the Legal Services Authorities at National, State, District and Taluka / Sub-Division level have been constituted viz., -
(1) The National Legal Services Authority (NALSA),
(2) State Legal Services Authority (SALSA),
(3) District Legal Services Authority (DLSA) and
(4) Sub-Divisional Legal Services Committee or Taluk Legal Services Committee (SDLSC / TLSC).

The District Legal Services Authority, Kolkata is one of the District Authorities among the 19 District Authorities in West Bengal. The Chief Judge, City Civil Court is the ex-officio Chairman of DLSA, and he is assisted by the full time Secretary, DLSA.